White Papers

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  • Automation Control System Specification, Design & Installation | White Paper

    Automation Control System Specification, Design & Installation | White Paper

    This white paper is a general guide to the specification, design and installation of automated control systems. The information and references are presented in a logical order that will take you from the skills required to recognize an operation or process suited for automating, to tips on setting up a program, to maintaining the control … Read More

  • Thermal Management Systems | White Paper

    Thermal Management Systems | White Paper

    Fluctuating temperatures in  harsh factory or plant environments can make thermal management of enclosures a difficult task. With many different options available to maintain consistent thermal management, the correct or most budget-friendly choice isn’t always obvious.

  • Managed Ethernet Switches | White Paper

    Managed Ethernet Switches | White Paper

    Knowing when to choose an managed Ethernet switch instead of an unmanaged Ethernet switch for your industrial grade networking solution might not be obvious. Plus, the price differential between an unmanaged and managed switch is significant and can impact the overall system budget.

  • Replacing & Sizing AC Motors | White Paper

    Replacing & Sizing AC Motors | White Paper

    The decision to replace existing motors with newer premium efficiency motors can be difficult. And, a common mistake made is thinking that buying any new premium efficiency motor will deliver optimal efficiency. This paper discusses how to determine whether to rewind or replace a motor, and how to find the right motor size for the … Read More

  • Pneumatic Energy Efficiency | White Paper

    Pneumatic Energy Efficiency | White Paper

    As electricity bills continue to rise due to new government mandates, manufacturing plants and other industrial facilities are making reducing energy consumption a priority. No company can afford to waste money by using machines or processes that consume too much energy. Since pneumatic systems are ubiquitous throughout manufacturing and can consume a large share of a … Read More

  • DC Motors Explained  | White Paper

    DC Motors Explained | White Paper

    Virtually every factory and shop has one thing in common. It doesn’t matter whether it’s the Brain Freeze Ice Cream Factory or Joe’s Garage. That one thing is a motor. Most of the time, you’ll find more than one in use. You’ll also find both AC and DC motors. But what is the difference? Is one … Read More

  • Electrical Arcs  | White Paper

    Electrical Arcs | White Paper

    Those of us who have worked with, or around, electrical equipment have witnessed electrical arcs. At the very least, we’ve seen the sparks produced when a relay or contactor switches off. This is easily observed by watching a motor starter with open contacts. When the motor turns on,

  • Processor Power and Efficiency | White Paper

    Processor Power and Efficiency | White Paper

    While energy efficiency is vital for consumer electronics, the industrial automation customer also benefits from chip manufacturers’ perpetual goal to create processors that do more while using less energy. This White Paper explains how consumer electronic

  • When To Use Multi-function Safety Relays | White Paper

    When To Use Multi-function Safety Relays | White Paper

    Multi-function safety relays are often the best choice for applications where single-function relays aren’t capable enough and a safety-rated PLC is overkill. This White Paper describes how multi-function safety relays

  • Group Motor Protection | White Paper

    Group Motor Protection | White Paper

    Our Group Motor Protection White Paper explains how the usual way of preventing a small motor from drawing too much current is to install overcurrent protection in the form of a circuit breaker or some other kind of limiter. But installations that employ more than one motor might not want to use this approach. By using group motor … Read More

  • Top 10 Tips: Specifying VFDs | White Paper

    Top 10 Tips: Specifying VFDs | White Paper

    VFDs can significantly extend the life of motors and cut operating costs, but selecting the right unit is critical to achieving these benefits. This White Paper provides detailed information, such as determining load and braking requirements, to help users choose the right VFD. It also explains how to maximize benefits through various communication options and best operating … Read More

  • Understanding Encoders | White Paper

    Understanding Encoders | White Paper

    Encoders are used to determine the position, velocity and direction of a motor shaft or other mechanical motion. They provide information required for the precise control of a variety of applications, such as positioning a rotary table, pick and place, machine assembly, packaging, robotics and more. Regardless of type, all encoders provide a method of orientation detection that’s used as … Read More

  • PLCs & PACs Simplify Data Acquisition | White Paper

    PLCs & PACs Simplify Data Acquisition | White Paper

    In today’s competitive market, companies need detailed and timely information about process variables, and production amounts, as well as alarms in real time. In the past, PLCs did not have the capabilities to provide such information, and PACs were not yet widely available. Fortunately, newer PLCs and PACs can perform many data acquisition tasks within … Read More